Workplaces are different in many ways – also regarding how tutoring is organised at the workplace. Below are a few everyday examples from different workplaces.
I tutor alone – I utilise networks
In small companies, tutoring is often the responsibility of one person who plans and implements tutoring independently. This instruction method emphasises the significance of a functioning tutoring relationship. Individual study and tutoring situations should be planned in advance. At the workplace, different tutoring situations are presented, for example, in various routine tasks and practical work and customer situations. The tutor should arrange opportunities for the student to participate in different professional networks, events and meetings that offer possibilities to take part in discussions by professionals.
I tutor with a partner
Pair work is one way to tutor a student. Pair work may be continuous or occasional. Both options enable tutoring to take place naturally during everyday work tasks. The workplace offers many occasional learning situations that should be utilised. Pair work provides a good opportunity for this. For example, various challenging customer situations or events deviating from work routines are excellent learning situations. An experienced tutor utilises these situations in the tutoring.
Shared tutoring – the work community also instructs
At larger workplaces, it is possible to utilise several people as tutors. When the work community takes part in the tutoring, the task can be shared among different people and their expertise can be utilised in different topics and tasks.
If tutoring is shared in the work community, it should be considered how to collect feedback on the progress of the student and the development of competence from different tutors. The collected feedback should be reviewed with the student in assessment or tutoring discussions.
The student benefits from tutoring by several employees by, for example, getting a wider picture of the profession, working in the profession and different work methods. Of course, there has to be a mutual understanding within the work community on the shared professionalism. The workplace also benefits from shared tutoring as competence develops and is divided among several actors within the work community.
I tutor a group
Tutoring in group form should be arranged when several students start at the workplace at the same time or there are several students receiving tutoring at the same time. Group tutoring is also reasonable for time management. In this form, student can also benefit from peer tutoring by other students.
Students who have started at the workplace earlier may also be utilised as tutors by the workplace. In this so-called “apprentice to journeyman” model, the student who came to the workplace earlier acts as a guide for the new-comer. This way, they both learn new things. The responsible tutor is at the background, ensuring that things are learnt the right way. The same process can be repeated for the next student. Other kinds of peer learning are also good ways to learn.
How does your workplace organise the tutoring?